Upcoming Colloquia
Deciphering the Complexity of Nearby Galaxies: Insights from Statistical Analysis of Observations and Cosmological Simulations

Shanghai Astronomical Observatory Astrophysics Colloquium

TitleDeciphering the Complexity of Nearby Galaxies: Insights from Statistical Analysis of Observations and Cosmological Simulations

SpeakerHassen (SHAO)

Time3:00pm March 07th (Thursday)

Tencent Meeting42915400486 password: 6360

Location: Lecture Hall, 3rd floor

Report in English


Galaxies are complex systems influenced by numerous factors. Despite extensive research, we cannot yet explain the diverse properties of nearby galaxies. Gas accretion, environments, galaxy merging, and supermassive black hole (SMBH) feedback play pivotal roles in galaxy evolution. In this colloquium talk, I will present an overview of my recent, ongoing, and future research, aimed at fostering potential collaborations. My work entails a comprehensive comparative analysis of fundamental properties between observed and simulated galaxies, encompassing stellar mass, gas contents, star formation rate, multiscale environments, and SMBH properties. Highlighting a significant finding, I will demonstrate a major disparity between the properties of approximately 40,000 nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs: Seyfert and quasars) identified in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and simulated AGNs in three cutting-edge cosmological simulations. While both simulations and observations qualitatively suggest a prevalence of strongly accreting SMBHs in gas-rich, star-forming host galaxies in low-density environments, substantial quantitative discrepancies exist in the properties of these host galaxies. Furthermore, the simulations fail to accurately reproduce the star formation rates or quenched fractions of galaxies hosting inactive SMBHs across different environments, casting doubts on the efficacy of cumulative SMBH feedback in the simulations. Employing an innovative analysis of spatially resolved properties using surveys such as MaNGA, I propose that the halo-scale environment, or related processes, significantly influence the availability of cold gas, thereby impacting both short-term activity and long-term quiescence in galaxies. A combination of recent gas accretion (both diffuse and merger-related) in low-density environments, leading to episodic starbursts and black hole activity, alongside ancient bulge buildup, offers a plausible explanation for the structural, spatial, and temporal variations in stellar populations, metallicity, and star formation observed in nearby galaxies. 

CVAt SHAO, he is an associate professor in the Galaxy Evolution in Spectroscopy group, which is led by Prof. Hao Lei. He was a Kavli IPMU-KIAA postdoctoral fellow from 2018-2023. He earned his PhD in Astrophysics with emphasis in Statistics from University of California Santa Cruz in 2016 and worked in UC Santa Cruz until 2018. He received his Bachelor degree in Astrophysical Sciences from Princeton University in 2010. 

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